About Eti Shani

Eti Shani was born in Israel and has been teaching Hebrew for more than 10 years with a special interest and experience in ancient Hebrew scriptures and culture. She's also the author of a series of books for novice and intermediate Hebrew learners.

What Is The Meaning Of One Day In Creation Of The World?

Evening – Erev
Morning – Bo-ker

When the Bible writes, “and there was an evening, and there was a morning, one day. It means the absence, in a form of the evening, always comes before the being. The evening is an example of a minus, a pre situation, and the following morning reflects the plus. Only a unification of an evening and the morning after it, are considered to be one day.

An evening alone is not considered to be a day, nor a morning alone is considered to be one day, Only both opposites together can be considered as one day.

Also, please note that the days which are mentioned in the Bible, Genesis chapter 1, are not equal to “our days”, which have 24 hours, but one biblical day is one unit of completion.


Adam, An Aspect Of Relations Between Heaven And Earth

As we mentioned before, the bible is not just a historical book, though it describes events that happened in the past, also the bible is not a geographical book, though we can find in it very accurate descriptions. likewise, the Bible is not a poetry book, though we shall find in it great poems, so what is the bible?

The bible is like a continuous dream, which describes the relations between heavens and earth, the relations between the spiritual and the physical.

Moreover, the people that are mentioned in the bible, their names, their qualities, their chronicles, and furthermore, the names of the mountains and rivers, cities and deserts that are mentioned in the Bible usually reflect certain qualities in the Humans soul.

How come? And the answer is since the human was created last, on the sixth day, at the last phase of creation, he includes and contains all the elements and qualities that were created before him.

The first Human was named Adam, since he came from the land, Adama in Hebrew. But not only because of that. The name Adam also comes from the verb Edame, which means in Hebrew, to resemble, like its written in the book of Issah 14:14:

“אֶעֱלֶה עַל בָּמֳתֵי עָב אֶדַּמֶּה לְעֶלְיוֹן” and in translation to English, I shall ascend above the tops of the clouds;  and I shall resemble the higher. So the name Adam reflects also the quality of resembling. Adam means, the one who is resembled the higher, the spirit. So already in the first name –  Adam, we can evidence a graduated developing system. Adam, who comes from the land Adama, wants to grow and to be inspired and resemble the higher, the creator.


What Does A Carrot Symbolize?

Carrot – Gezer

Every year at the beginning of fall, Hebrew people all over the world are celebrating the birth of humanity, and the beginning of new Hebrew Year. Because according to the Hebrew believe Adam and Eve were born in this time of the year, and with them, the perception of time was born too.

And since to every celebration, there is a meal attached, We eat fruit and vegetables that symbolize inner aspects of new beginnings. For example, we eat carrot גזר Gezer the Hebrew the letters of the word Gezer are: Gimmel, Zein Reish. In Hebrew the verb ג.ז.ר means to cut, so we eat the carrot and we bless “That we shall make good decisions” because, in order to make a decision, we need to cut (in Hebrew lig-zor) between options.

Even the English letters of the carrot tell us a story the letter c.r.t – are equivalent to the Hebrew letter כ.ר.ת which means to chop.

So good luck with the new decisions and Shana Tova – Good Year 🙂


Baby Goat As An Aspect of Goodwill

Baby Goat – Gdee

In the Hebrew tradition, the goodwill of wanting to benefit and to bestow is characterized by a little a baby goat that everyone wants to destroy. In the following song that we sing every year in springtime when we celebrate freedom, we sing the song of a little baby goat also named “Chad Gadya”, “חד גדיא”, meaning, “One Goat”. The song was written and coded in Aramaic, which is an old language, in order that most of the people that will be exposed to it, will not understand what it is talking about. The song embraces a great hope for goodness to overcome evil, in it’s all different appearances in life.

Here is the link “Alla Fiera dell’Est La Canzone”.

All the best

Qualitative Numbers As An Aspect Of Communication

Language – Lashon (Tongue)

Those among us who seek for a proof that the inner ark within us is a word, or a concept, idea, or a theme, here it is.

The Bible gives us the dimensions of the ark.
300 Amma (measuring unit) length
50 Amma (measuring unit) width
30 Amma (measuring unit) depth

As we know the bible does not speak about quantitative numbers, but about qualitative numbers, in this manner, each letter of the Hebrew Alpha Beit has a qualitative value. Aleph, the first letter, has a value of 1, and reflects unity and so on.

Now, when we look, in this light in this understanding, at the measures of the Tei-va, (the ark), and we transform the measures, the qualitative numbers, into letters, we receive the followings:

300 = ש = Shin
50 = ( נ (ן = Nun
30 = ל = Lamed

And now, when we combine all of these letters together, we receive the word לשן meaning, language, meaning the ability to speak and converse inside, because the tongue (לשון) is an inner organ.

The attached picture is A mosaic Of Noah in Basilica di San Marco, Venice


An Apple In Honey As A Metaphor Of Human Behavior

Apple In Honey – Tapu-ach Bidvash

When celebrating the new year we eat an apple dipped in honey. Apple symbolizes the tree of life, and the honey symbolizes the good deeds, which are sweet. why honey was chosen to symbolize sweet, we know that in nature there are all kinds of sweet sources?

And the answer is that honey was chosen to represent sweetness because the way it is manufactured. The bees that make to honey, do not use the honey for themselves, they are not enjoying it, humans are enjoying it (and bears ) that is to say that good deeds are considered the ones that help and assist the other, the stranger, the immigrant and everybody outside of us.

And this is actually the inner meaning of life, to give and support the other. This is what the divinity does for us, and from divinity, we learn.

Shana Tova – A Good Year