About Eti Shani

Eti Shani was born in Israel and has been teaching Hebrew for more than 10 years with a special interest and experience in ancient Hebrew scriptures and culture. She's also the author of a series of books for novice and intermediate Hebrew learners.

Baby Goat As An Aspect of Goodwill

Baby Goat – Gdee

In the Hebrew tradition, the goodwill of wanting to benefit and to bestow is characterized by a little a baby goat that everyone wants to destroy. In the following song that we sing every year in springtime when we celebrate freedom, we sing the song of a little baby goat also named “Chad Gadya”, “חד גדיא”, meaning, “One Goat”. The song was written and coded in Aramaic, which is an old language, in order that most of the people that will be exposed to it, will not understand what it is talking about. The song embraces a great hope for goodness to overcome evil, in it’s all different appearances in life.

Here is the link “Alla Fiera dell’Est La Canzone”.

All the best

Qualitative Numbers As An Aspect Of Communication

Language – Lashon (Tongue)

Those among us who seek for a proof that the inner ark within us is a word, or a concept, idea, or a theme, here it is.

The Bible gives us the dimensions of the ark.
300 Amma (measuring unit) length
50 Amma (measuring unit) width
30 Amma (measuring unit) depth

As we know the bible does not speak about quantitative numbers, but about qualitative numbers, in this manner, each letter of the Hebrew Alpha Beit has a qualitative value. Aleph, the first letter, has a value of 1, and reflects unity and so on.

Now, when we look, in this light in this understanding, at the measures of the Tei-va, (the ark), and we transform the measures, the qualitative numbers, into letters, we receive the followings:

300 = ש = Shin
50 = ( נ (ן = Nun
30 = ל = Lamed

And now, when we combine all of these letters together, we receive the word לשן meaning, language, meaning the ability to speak and converse inside, because the tongue (לשון) is an inner organ.

The attached picture is A mosaic Of Noah in Basilica di San Marco, Venice


An Apple In Honey As A Metaphor Of Human Behavior

Apple In Honey – Tapu-ach Bidvash

When celebrating the new year we eat an apple dipped in honey. Apple symbolizes the tree of life, and the honey symbolizes the good deeds, which are sweet. why honey was chosen to symbolize sweet, we know that in nature there are all kinds of sweet sources?

And the answer is that honey was chosen to represent sweetness because the way it is manufactured. The bees that make to honey, do not use the honey for themselves, they are not enjoying it, humans are enjoying it (and bears ) that is to say that good deeds are considered the ones that help and assist the other, the stranger, the immigrant and everybody outside of us.

And this is actually the inner meaning of life, to give and support the other. This is what the divinity does for us, and from divinity, we learn.

Shana Tova – A Good Year


Three Dimensional Thinking Which Reflected In Noah’s Sons Names

Three – Shelosha

Three children – Shelosha Yeladim – שלושה ילדים

Noah had three sons: Shem – שם, Cham – חם and Yeffet – יפת. While reading the Bible, and encountering those names, we can ask the following question: Are the names that are mentioned in the bible random, or they reflect something inner and higher in all of us being human?

The book of Zohar, tells us that those names are not random at all. The book says that those three sons are implying of three ways of behavior in mankind.

Shem – reflects an infinite grace, and the expansion of grace, later on, he becomes a Cohen and serves the Upper God in Jerusalem, in early times named Shalem. According to the Zohar perception, he reflects the right line in human behavior.

Yeffet – reflects the middle line, the peace, the beauty, the truth.

Cham – reflects the human brain that wants to prove, analyze and measure everything, he wants to publish everything, he wants to expose everything. Cham is the expression of the lest line in human behavior.

This is one aspect of the three sons: Another aspect is the following. When we write the first letter of every son’s name in Hebrew, we see the word שיח

ש  =  שם  =  stands for Shem

י   =  יפת stands for Yeffet

ח  =  חם  = stands for Cham

The word שיח Si-ach in Hebrew means conversation, and in other words, the three sons reflect an ongoing conversation inside of us. And if we are attentive enough and listen carefully to our thoughts, we shall hear them echo inside of us.


Spiritual Rain

Rain – Matar – מטר

Umbrella – Mit-ri-ya – מטריה

Elephant – Peel – פיל

Question: “Excuse me, What is the difference between גשם and מטר?”

Answer: Thank you for asking, at the bottom of my heart I was waiting for This question. Matar is the name of the long like bottle shape lines which water the earth, while Geshem גשם are the little drops of water, like little dots. Mater is a general water system, while Geshem גשם is privet.

In Deuteronomy 11:11 it says, “למטר השמים תשתה מים”
meaning from the rain of heaves you shall drink water, and it means that we are promised to drink the upper water (heavens) and in this way, we can be constantly inspired. While Geshem גשם is a composition of two words: Gash + sham, meaning “approach there”, meaning approach the physical.

Another answer: By asking questions we proceed, going out from darkness into the path of light, a question mark looks like a hook that wants to catch the future. In The Hagada (the story that we tell every year in Passover) there are four sons: One is wise, one is evil, one is innocent, and there is one who doesn’t know how to ask questions, and for this one we have to help, meaning to encourage him to ask questions, because this is the only way to make a progress.


Date’s Virtue

Date – Tamar

A little legend says that when Moses was asked to take Israel out of Egypt he wondered how could they exist in the desert without the water of the Nile. At the same moment, he asked himself this question, a palm tree and a spring of live water appeared in front of him. Moses drank the water of the spring, and ate the dates, and understood that in this way Israel could live in the desert.

Question: “What is the significance of this legend to our spiritual health?”

Answer: This legend teaches us few things: A) When we are being asked to do something significant, we are afraid to fail. B) but when we overcome the first fear, we come up with relevant questions. C) when we ask the real deepest questions, answers come from the universe. D) A person does not need much to exist, some fresh water and dates

All the best for our readers, and good luck on the journey 🙂